Galesburg is located along the north side of the Kalamazoo River . The city is situated on M-96 and is just north of I-94 (with exits due south of the city's west side and about one mile (1.6 km) to the east). Kalamazoo is about ten miles (16 km) to the west and Battle Creek is about ten miles (16 km) to the east.
Galesburg was established in 1835 originally with the name Morton. It was platted in 1837 when it was given its current name and incorporated as a village in 1861 and as a city in 1931. Galesburg is named for Gen. L. Gale, an early settler.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,009 people, 766 households, and 497 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,424.8 inhabitants per square mile (550.1/km2). There were 837 housing units at an average density of 593.6 per square mile (229.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 2.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 766 households of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.1% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.